Iyini i-thrombosis?

Uma unentshisekelo yokwazi ukuthi yini yini i-thrombosis, ufike endaweni efanele. Lapha sizochaza ukuthi kwakheka kanjani, yiziphi izimpawu zayo kanye nokwelashwa.

yini-i-thrombosis-1

Iyini i-thrombosis? Ingozi sonke esigijima ngayo

I-Thrombosis yisigameko esenzeka lapho ihlule legazi lakheka emithanjeni ejulile emzimbeni. Ngokuvamile zitholwa ngobuhlungu nokuvuvukala emilenzeni noma emathangeni.

Uma kwenzeka ukuthi umthambo uvutha, isimo sibizwa ngokuthi "thrombophlebitis." Futhi, lapho kuvela ithimba, imiphumela ingaba mibi kakhulu kumuntu ophethwe yi-deep vein thrombosis.

Kusukela ekuhlaselweni kwenhliziyo, i-pulmonary embolism noma ngisho nesifo senhliziyo. Kungakho, ngalesi sihloko, sizokufundisa ukuthi yini yini i-thrombosis nokuthi ungayithola kanjani kusenesikhathi ukuze ulashwe ngendlela efanele.

Iyini i-deep vein thrombosis?

I-Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), ingakhula kubantu abaphethwe yizifo, abajwayele ukuba nomthelela omubi egazini nendlela elijiya ngayo emzimbeni.

Ukuthuthukiswa kwayo kungenzeka lapho umzimba usungasebenzi isikhathi eside. Isibonelo: ngemva kokuphumula kombhede isikhathi eside, ukuhlinzwa noma ingozi evimbela umzimba wakho ukuba unganyakazi, ngisho nalapho uzithola uhamba amahora amaningi.

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Nota:

Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi i-deep vein thrombosis ingaveza izimpawu zobuhlungu nokuvuvukala esike sazisho ngaphambili, kodwa iphinde yenzeke ngendlela engabonakali kwabanye abantu.

Ibucayi kangakanani i-DVT?

Kufanele wazi iyini i-deep vein thrombosis, ukuqonda ubukhali nokubaluleka kokwelashwa. Ngoba, uma unganakile, amahlule egazi okwenzeka phakathi nalesi sigameko angaxebuka futhi ahambe emgudwini wegazi, agcine ebhajwe emaphashini.

Futhi, ngokuvimbela ukugeleza kwegazi, i-pulmonary embolism ibangelwa. Ngisho nalapho lokhu akuhlangene ngokuqinile nesimo. Okungukuthi, umuntu angase abe ne-pulmonary embolism, ngaphandle komlando we-DVT.

Nokho, uma kwenzeka ngesikhathi esifanayo, deep vein thrombosis Manje sekubizwa nge-venous thromboembolism.

Izimpawu ezibangela i-thrombosis

lapho ngikuchazela yini i-thrombosis, sesishilo kakade izimpawu ezi-2 ezivame kakhulu ezikhona lapho i-thrombosis ivela. Kodwa-ke, sikunikeza uhlu olulandelayo lwezimpawu nezimpawu eziphathwayo. Futhi, ukuze ukwazi ukukhipha noma uqinisekise uma uhlushwa yilesi simo:

  • Ukuvuvukala emlenzeni owodwa noma yomibili.
  • Ubuhlungu kanye/noma ukuvuvukala engxenyeni ethintekile ngokuvamile ezwakala njengejaqamba noma umuzwa oshaya ngamandla endaweni.
  • Ububomvu noma ukushintsha kombala okungajwayelekile.
  • Ukuzwa ukushisa endaweni ethintekile (umlenze noma ithanga).

I-thrombosis ngokuvamile ithinta ilungu elilodwa kuphela lomzimba. Okungukuthi, kuyaqabukela, iziguli ezine-thrombosis emilenzeni yomibili zitholakala.

Lapho kufanele uthintane nodokotela nge-thrombosis?

Uma ususola ukuthi une-deep vein thrombosis, kufanele uxhumane nodokotela wakho ngokushesha ukuze uqale ukwelashwa.

yini-i-thrombosis-2
Udokotela ukhombisa ukugqoka amasokisi amasokisi akhethekile, ukusiza ukuvimbela ukuvuvukala okuhambisana ne-DVT.

Ungalindi ukuthi isimo sibe sibi kakhulu futhi kuholele enkingeni enkulu efana ne-pulmonary embolism noma ukuhlaselwa yinhliziyo. Futhi uma uziba ukuba khona kwe-DVT, hamba ngokushesha ekamelweni lezimo eziphuthumayo uma ubona lezi zimpawu:

  • Ukuphefumula okungazelelwe noma ukuphefumula ngokushesha okukhulu.
  • Ukwenyuka kobuhlungu besifuba noma ukungakhululeki lapho udonsa umoya noma lapho ukhwehlela.
  • Ukuzizwa unekhanda elilula, isiyezi, noma ukuquleka.
  • Yiba ne-pulse esheshayo.
  • Ekhwehlela igazi
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Izinto eziyingozi ezibangela i-thrombosis

lapho sazi yini i-thrombosis, singakwazi ukubona izimbangela nezici eziyingozi. Futhi sikhuluma ngesithiyo sokujikeleza kwegazi kanye/noma ukuhlangana kwegazi okwenzekayo lapho kunomonakalo emthanjeni ngemva kokuhlinzwa noma ukuhlukumezeka nokuvuvukala ngenxa yokulimala noma ukutheleleka.   

Ngakho-ke, izici zobungozi zingase zibe zezimo ezithile ezisiza lokhu kutheleleka ukuthi kwakheke futhi mhlawumbe kube yinto embi kakhulu. Okulandelayo, sisho ukuthi ziyini:

  • Ubudala: Abantu abangaphezu kweminyaka engama-60 bathambekele ekubeni ne-DVT. Nakuba kungenzeka nakubantu abancane.
  • Ukuhlala uhlezi isikhathi eside: lapho ushayela noma undiza, isikhathi eside, kuvimbela ukufinyela kwemisipha ngakho-ke ukujikeleza kwegazi kumpofu.
  • Ukukhulelwa: kuisikhukhukazi ukhulelwe, umfutho wegazi okhalweni nasemilenzeni uyakhula. Ngaphezu kwakho konke, uma owesifazane ehlushwa isifo sofuzo esine-coagulation, esinesici esiyingozi kakhulu uma kuqhathaniswa nabanye. Futhi, amahlule egazi kusukela ekukhulelweni angaqhubeka kuze kube amasonto angu-6 ngemva kokubeletha.
  • ufuzo :pAbantu abane-factor V Leiden kungenzeka babe namahlule amakhulu egazi. Ngakho-ke, kunethuba lokuthi umuntu onesifo sofuzo esingabangeli amahlule egazi ngokwaso angaba ne-DVT.
  • Amaphilisi okulawula ukuzalwa (ngomlomo) noma ukwelashwa okushintshwa kwamahomoni.
  • Ukuphumula ngokweqile.
  • Ukukhuluphala ngokweqile noma ukukhuluphala ngokweqile.
  • Ukuhlinzwa noma ukulimala emithanjeni.
  • Ukubhema
  • Umdlavuza.
  • Ukwehluleka kwenhliziyo.
  • Isifo samathumbu esivuvukalayo.
  • Umlando womuntu siqu noma womndeni we-DVT kanye/noma wamaphaphu.

Izinkinga ze-thrombosis


I-Pulmonary embolism

Nakuba kungenzeka ngaphandle kokuba khona kwe-thrombosis, i-pulmonary embolism iyinkinga esongela ukuphila ehambisana ne-DVT.

I-Postphlebitic syndrome

Kwenzeka uma kukhona izinhlungu nokuvuvukala emilenzeni, ngaphandle kokushintsha umbala nokucasuka kwesikhumba esike sasho ngaphambili ezimpawini.

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Ukwelashwa kwe-Anticoagulant

Kwezinye izimo, kungase kube nezinkinga ekwelapheni ama-anticoagulant ukuze amelane ne-DVT, njengokuphuma kwegazi.

Indlela yokuvimbela i-thrombosis?

Hlala usebenza!

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi uhlinziwe, uhamba, uhamba ngemoto noma uphumule, kufanele, ngangokunokwenzeka, uhlanganise umzimba wakho ukuze imisipha yenze ukufinyela kwemisipha efanele futhi ugweme i-thrombosis.

avalelise kugwayi

Abaningi bayazi ukuthi kungaba nzima kangakanani ngomuntu obhemayo ukukhahlela lo mkhuba, kodwa kufanele wenze kanjalo ukuze wehlise ingozi yokuthola i-DVT, ikakhulukazi uma unesifo sofuzo esingase siyibangele.

ukudla kanye nokuzivocavoca

Ukukhuluphala ngokweqile kufanele kulashwe ngokucophelela. Ukuba ngenye yezinto eziyingozi yokuthola inkontileka ye-DVT. Kunconywa ukuba wonke umuntu alondoloze isimiso sokuzivocavoca njalo futhi adle ukudla okunempilo, hhayi nje ukugwema i-thrombosis, kodwa abe nempilo ngokujwayelekile. Manje njengoba wazi yonke into ngokuthi iyini i-thrombosis, landela lawa macebiso futhi uqaphele noma yiziphi izimpawu noma izimpawu ezikutshela ukuthi une-DVT.

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Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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