Iyini i-botulism?

Uma ufuna ukugcina ukudla kwakho kugcinwe ekhaya, kufanele wazi zonke izingozi nemiphumela engase ibangele lokhu. Ngenxa yalesi sizathu, namuhla sikufundisa Iyini i-botulism? kanye nalo lonke ulwazi ngendaba oyidingayo.

yini-i-botulism

Iyini i-botulism? Ingozi yokugcina ukudla ekhaya

Kuyisifo okuthi nakuba singaveli njalo, sidala umonakalo omkhulu emzimbeni walabo abadla ukudla ngalobu buthi.

Lesi sifo sibangelwa ubuthi be-botulinum, obukhiqizwa yi-bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Azikwazi ukubonakala noma ukuhogela ngaphakathi kokudla, kodwa-ke, ngokuzama nje ingxenye encane yokudla okungcolile, izimpawu ezimbi ezikhiqizwayo zingabonakala, ziholele nasekufeni.

Umonakalo ngokuvamile uvela ohlelweni lwezinzwa lomuntu, kodwa futhi ungathinta isimiso sokuphefumula. Ukutheleleka okubeka izimpilo zabantu engcupheni, futhi ngenxa yalesi sizathu kubaluleke kakhulu ukwazi lonke ulwazi lwakho.

Uyini umsuka we-botulism?

Kusukela ngonyaka we-1817 kuya cishe ngonyaka we-1822, lesi sifo saba siphawuleka kakhulu ngenxa yenani lamacala esawaveza, safinyelela ekufeni kwabantu abayi-150 ngesikhathi esifushane.

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Phambilini bekwaziwa ngokuthi yi-Kerner's disease, ngoba wayengusosayensi owasithola, noma njengesoseji noma ubuthi obunamafutha, njengoba kuvamile ukuthi ubuthi butholakale kulokhu kudla kalula. Ngonyaka ka-1895 yilapho u-Emile Pierre van Ermengem ekugcineni ethola amagciwane ayebangela lesi sifo.

Amagciwane e-Clostridium botulinum avame ukutholakala emhlabathini, ekudleni okungakutholi ukuhlanzeka nokulungiswa okufanele, noma emanzini angcolile.

Ukudla okusengozini enkulu yokungcola ukudla okusemathinini nokudla okune-asidi ephansi, njengezithelo, imifino, nenhlanzi. Futhi, ubuthi butholakala kulezo eziqukethe ukudla okubabayo noma ezisongwe ngephepha le-aluminium.

Njengamanje, izinhlobo eziyisishiyagalombili ze-botulinum toxin zaziwa, ezihlukaniswa ngezinhlamvu zezinhlamvu, okungukuthi, ukusuka ku-A kuya ku-H. Nokho, lowo onokuhambisana okungcono kakhulu kokudla ungowokuqala, ngakho-ke, yiyona okufanele. thola ukunakwa nokunakekelwa kakhulu.

Yiziphi izimpawu ze-botulism?

Impela ngemva komhlangano yini i-botulism, kumelwe ukuba uyazibuza ngezimpawu zayo, ukuze uphendule lo mbuzo sikumema ukuba ufunde lesi sigaba sesihloko, lapho uzothola khona ulwazi ofuna ukulwazi kakhulu.

Izimpawu nezimpawu zalesi sifo zivela esikhathini esicishe sibe ngamahora angu-12 kuya kwangu-36 ngemva kokudla ukudla okunobuthi.

Kodwa-ke, isikhathi singahluka kumuntu ngamunye kuye ngokuthi umzimba wakho unjani, futhi nangokwenani lobuthi noma ukudla okugwinyile.

Esinye sezimpawu ezisihlukanisayo kunoma yikuphi ukutheleleka ngebhaktheriya ukuthi asikhiqizi imfiva noma izinguquko ekushiseni komzimba. Ukubonakaliswa kwemitholampilo kuvezwa ngokuhlukile kubantu abadala nasezinganeni, ngenxa yalesi sizathu, ngezansi sikushiya zombili izimo.

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I-Botulism kubantu abadala

  • Isicanucanu
  • Ukuqhafaza
  • Ukubona kabili
  • Izinkophe ze-Droopy
  • umlomo owomile
  • Kunzima ukuphefumula
  • Ama-Pupilas dilatadas
  • Ukukhubazeka noma ubuthakathaka ezithweni zomzimba
  • Ukuqunjelwa
  • Ubuhlungu besisu

I-Botulism ezinganeni

¿yini i-botulism okwengane? Lokhu kutheleleka kubangelwa futhi ohlelweni lwamathumbu ngenxa yokungenisa ubuthi be-botulinum; Ingenzeka ezinganeni ezifika unyaka owodwa ubudala, kodwa zivame kakhulu kusukela ezinyangeni ezimbili kuya kweziyisishiyagalombili. Kuyindlela eyaziwa kakhulu ye-botulism.

Izimpawu zivela phakathi kwamahora angu-18 nama-36 ngemva kokugwinya ubuthi be-botulinum ekudleni.

  • Ukuqunjelwa kuwuphawu oluveza lokhu kutheleleka ezinganeni
  • Ukulahlekelwa ithoni yemisipha noma ubuthakathaka
  • Izinkophe ze-Droopy
  • Ubunzima bokuncela nokudla
  • ukukhala okubuthakathaka
  • Ukuphelelwa umoya
  • I-Cansancio
  • Ukukhubazeka komzimba

I-botulism ebangelwa ukungcoliswa kokudla ingavinjelwa kanjani?

Ukuvinjelwa kwalesi sifo kufanele kwenziwe kusukela ngesikhathi ukudla sekuhlanganiswe.

Izindinganiso ezisungulelwe le nqubo zikhomba ukuthi ukuze kugcinwe, ukudla, ukwakheka kanye nesitsha esizosetshenziswa kufanele kubhekwe.

Izinga lokushisa elisungulwe umthetho wokukhenisa ukuhweba ukuze kuzuzwe inzalo enhle ngu-121°C. Uma kwenzeka ufuna ukupakisha ukudla ekhaya, kufanele ucabangele inqubo okuqinile kulokhu, futhi ngaleyo ndlela kunciphise ingozi yokungcoliswa ngamabhaktheriya.

Kufanele unakekele ngokukhethekile uma kwenzeka ukudla okufana ne-asparagus, amakhowe, ummbila, ama-beet, phakathi kwabanye.

Akunconywa ukupakisha inyama nenhlanzi, uma kunjalo khumbula ukugcina inhlanzeko enhle futhi lapho uzipheka ukwenze kahle kakhulu.

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Iqiniso elibaluleke kakhulu ukuthi amabhaktheriya angabhujiswa ukushisa kwekhishi, yi-thermolabile. Ngamanye amazwi, uma unokungabaza ngokudla, kufanele ukupheke kahle kakhulu, noma ukuvumele kubile cishe imizuzu eyishumi, ukuze uqinisekise ukulungiselela kahle futhi unciphise ingozi yokungcoliswa.

Okufanele ukwenze uma kukhona ukungabaza mayelana nokudla?

Uma kwenzeka ungaqiniseki ngenhlanzeko noma ukulungiswa kokudla, kungcono ukukulahla. Kufanele ucabangele isimo sesiqukathi futhi usilahle; Ukuze sikuqondise, sikushiyela ulwazi olulandelayo:

  • Isiqukathi sinokuvuza.
  • isitsha esisesimweni esingesihle
  • Uma uvula isitsha uthola uketshezi lwangaphandle noma igwebu
  • Umbala ohlukile wokudla kanye nephunga eliyinqaba

Izinkinga ze-botulism

Uma ufunda isigaba sokuqala ku Iyini i-botulism? Ngokuqinisekile unesithakazelo ekwazini izinkinga zokuba nesifo.

Nakuba kaningi kukhulunywa ngokuthi kuyisifo esidala ukufa ngokushesha, uma selashwa kusenesikhathi, ayancipha amathuba okuthi ufe noma ube nomonakalo omkhulu.

Sithemba ukuthi lesi sihloko KuyiniIngabe i-botulism? Kukusize ukuxazulula ukungabaza, sikumema ukuthi uvakashele futhi ubuke ividiyo elandelayo.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p4-nMRjQcVQ&ab_channel=UniversidaddeLaRioja-Unirioja

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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