Iliphi izwe elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni?

Kulabo abazibuzayoIliphi izwe elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni?, singabala amazwe amaningana, kodwa elilodwa kuphela lawo yilo elithatha indawo enkulu kunazo zonke, futhi igama layo yiRussia. Kungakho kulesi sihloko sizokunikeza imininingwane eminingi ngaleli zwe nezinto ezithokozisayo kulo.

Iliphi izwe elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni kanye nelukuluku lalo?

I-Russia iyizwe elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni wonke, ngenxa yobukhulu bayo obukhulu insimu yayo itholakala emazwenikazi amabili ahlukene: iYurophu ne-Asia. Eyaziwa ngokuthi iRussian Federation, inamakhilomitha-skwele angaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-17, ahlukaniswe ama-republic angu-22 angaphansi komfelandawonye ofanayo. IRiphabhulikhi ngayinye inomthethosisekelo wayo.

Ngaphezu kwalokho inama-krais noma izindawo eziyi-9, izifunda ezingama-46 ezibizwa ngokuthi ama-oblasts, izifunda ezi-4 ezizimele kanye nesifunda esizimele samaJuda. Ngaphandle kwalokho inamadolobha amathathu enhlangano (eMoscow, eSaint Petersburg naseSevastopol).

Le ndawo ihambisana ne-11% yeplanethi, indawo egcwele abaningi imithombo yemvelo njengamafutha, igesi kanye nenqwaba yehlathi lapho kutholakala khona i-taiga enkulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni. Amazwe ayi-16 eYurophu nase-Asia agcina imingcele efanayo neRussia.

Ingxenye yeRussia engaphansi kwe izwekazi I-Europe inamakhilomitha-skwele ayizigidi ezingu-4, yingakho ibhekwa njengezwe elikhulu kunawo wonke eYurophu, kanye nelikhulu kunawo wonke e-Asia.

IJografi yaseRussia

Njengezwe elinqamula amazwekazi, iRussia inezinhlobonhlobo zezindawo nesimo sezulu endaweni yayo. Iningi lensimu inamathafa, eyaziwa kakhulu kuwo iSiberia. Eningizimu amathafa anamathafa, kanti enyakatho kunezindawo ezinamahlathi ezibizwa ngokuthi ama-tundra atholakala ogwini lwe-boreal.

Ngasemngceleni oseningizimu kunezintaba ezinjengalezi I-Caucasus, lapho iNtaba i-Elbrus ikhona, ephakeme kunawo wonke kulo lonke elaseRussia ngamakhilomitha angu-5642 XNUMX ngaphezu kogu lolwandle kanye ne-Altai massif, i-Verkhoyansk Range, Izintaba-mlilo zaseKamchatka kanye nezintaba zase-Ural okuyindawo ehlukanisayo phakathi kwengxenye yaseYurophu engxenyeni yase-Asia.

Kungase kukuthande:  Yayiyini i-anime yokuqala emhlabeni?

Ngokuqondene nogu, leli zwe linomugqa wamakhilomitha angama-37653 ogwini oluthatha ingxenye yeGlacial Arctic Ocean kanye nePacific Ocean, iBaltic Seas, uLwandle Olumnyama noLwandle lweCaspian. Amagagasi angaphakathi amancane yilawo oLwandle iBarents, uLwandle Olumhlophe, iKara Sea, Laptev Sea kanye nolwandle lwe EMpumalanga Siberia ezibheke engxenyeni ye-Arctic, futhi ngasengxenyeni yePacific kukhona ulwandle lwaseBering, i-Okhotsk noLwandle Lwase-Okhotsk. Japan.

Ku-geography yayo ineziqhingi eziningana ezitholakala eNova Zembla Archipelago, e-Franz Josef Land, e-New Siberian Islands nase-Kuril, Wrangel naseSakhalin Islands. Imifula eyinhloko yaseRussia yiVolga, Don, Kama, Oká kanye neNyakatho Dvina, i-Ob, i-Irtysh, i-Yenisei, i-Angara, i-Lena ne-Amur. Amachibi iBaikal, iLadoga kanye neChibi i-Onega, angawona amakhulu futhi ayinhloko ezweni.

iliphi-izwe-elikhulu-emhlabeni-2

Isimo sezulu

Njengoba iyizwe elikhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni, inesimo sezulu esihlukahlukene, kodwa esivelele yizwekazi, elibonisa ukuhlukahluka kokushisa, i-tundra, taiga kanye ne-steppe biomes. Ngokuqondene nendawo yaseCaucasus, inesimo sezulu esipholile, iSiberia inehlobo elishisayo nobusika obubandayo. Futhi banemvula encane, okuvame kakhulu ukuwa kweqhwa.

Izilimi ezikhulunywa eRussia

Ulimi olusemthethweni isiRashiya, esikhulunywa emadolobheni amaningi, kodwa futhi lunamaqembu ezizwe angaphezu kuka-160 akhuluma izilimi eziyikhulu ezihlukahlukene, kuhlanganise nesiTatar. I-Russian Federation ivunyelwe ukuthi i-republic ngayinye eyakhiwe ikhulume ulimi lwayo lwendabuko kanye nolusemthethweni.

Kungase kukuthande:  Yiliphi izwe elincane kunazo zonke emhlabeni?

Njengoba kuwulimi olukhulunywa kakhulu, kubalulekile ukwazi ukuthi yilo olusabalele kakhulu e-Eurasia. IsiRashiya siyingxenye yeqembu lezilimi zase-Indo-European kanye ne-East Slavic kanye ne-Ukrainian, isiBelarusian nesiRusyn.

Njengeqiniso elinelukuluku mayelana nalolu limi sinakho ukuthi ingxenye yesine yezincwadi zesayensi ezinyatheliswa emhlabeni ngolimi lwesiRashiya, ngaphezu kokusetshenziselwa ukuhlanganisa nokugcinwa kolwazi lomhlaba wonke, ingenye yezilimi eziyisithupha ezisemthethweni ezisemthethweni. ikhulunywe eNhlanganweni Yezizwe Ezihlangene, ngakho ngo-2007 yaqokwa njengoNyaka Womhlaba Wonke Wolimi lwesiRashiya.

Inkolo

Ngaphezu kwengxenye ye abantu baseRussia bangabalandeli bokholo lweSonto Lobu-Orthodox LaseRussia futhi abangaphezudlwana kuka-43% benkolo yobuKristu, phakathi kwabo kukhona amaKristu ase-Armenia, amaKatolika, amaProthestani, amaMormon kanye noFakazi BakaJehova. Ngokomthetho we-1997, izinkolo zendabuko ezi-4 zikhona eRussia (i-Russian Orthodox, i-Islam, iBuddhism kanye nobuJuda).

Zonke ezinye izinkolo kufanele zithobele uchungechunge lwezimfuneko nemithetho ukuze zibhaliswe ngokusemthethweni futhi zithole ilungelo lokushumayela. Ezibalweni zakamuva kulinganiselwa ukuthi kuleli balinganiselwa ezigidini ezingu-15 abantu baseRussia abangamaSulumane, ngakho inkolo yobuSulumane iba ngeyesibili ukulandelwa kakhulu kuleli.

UbuBuddha, ikakhulukazi iTibet noma obubizwa nangokuthi ubuLamaism, buningi kwezinye izindawo eziseningizimu yeRussia njengeBuryatia, Kalmykia, Tuva kanye neYakutia. Kunezifunda eziningi zasemaphandleni njengeSiberia kanye neChukotka lapho imikhuba yobuqaba noma yobushamanism yenziwa ngokuhambisana nobuBuddha nobuKristu.

Kungase kukuthande:  Imuphi umsipha osebenza kakhulu?

AmaJuda aseRussia ayingxenye yesithupha enanini labazinikele emhlabeni, ngemuva kuka-Israel, i-United States, Canada, UK kanye EFrance. Ngezinombolo ezincane ungathola abalandeli be-Hare Krishnas nama-neopagans. Ngokuphambene, iRussia inenani elikhulu labantu abangakholelwa ebukhoneni bukaNkulunkulu, abaphuma emfundweni eqhutshwa izimiso zezwe elaliyiSoviet Union ezisekelwe emibhalweni kaKarl Marx, lapho inkolo yayidunyazwa ngokuthi iphikisana nokucabanga.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQrVmFEI9uQ

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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