ukhonkolo ongasebenzi

Ngemuva ukhonkolo ongasebenzi kukhona indlela yokwakha enganikeza izingadi zakho noma eminye imibhede yezimbali ukubukeka kwe-rustic nokuzuzisa kakhulu. Kodwa yini ngempela ukhonkolo ongasebenzi? Kunjani ukumisa kwakho? Futhi ikubiza malini?

Okokuqala kufanele sikuveze ukuthi, njengamanje, amasu okwakhiwa kwezingadi, amaphansi, nemigwaqo eseceleni abe ngcono kakhulu. Indlela kakhonkolo engasasebenzi isiphenduke enye yezindlela ezisetshenziswa kakhulu ngenxa yokukhanga kwesiphetho sayo.

Yini ukhonkolo ongasebenzi?

ukhonkolo ongasebenzi kuyindlela yokwakha esebenzisa ukhonkolo wendabuko oye wathuthukiswa ngama-aggregate. Lezi zibalo zingamatshe amatshe noma amatshe angafakwa imibala ukuze ahambisane nezintandokazi zakho noma imibono.

Igama elithi "kuvaliwe" libhekisela endleleni ukhonkolo ophathwa ngayo ngemva kokuthelwa phezulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, umkhiqizo obuyisela emuva kufanele usetshenziswe ngemuva kokuthelwa ukhonkolo.

Kuye ngesimo sezulu, lokhu kuzodinga ukuma amahora angu-12 kuya kwangu-48. Ungqimba olungaphezulu lodaka luzosuswa ngosizo lwe-high pressure cleaner, luveze i-aggregate eye yanezelwa.

Ngokubukeka, ukhonkolo ovaliwe unokubukeka okumaholo. Lokhu kwenza kube inketho enhle kakhulu yokusetshenziswa emigwaqweni yezinyawo noma ezingadini. Umphumela otholiwe ufana netshe, ngakho ekugcineni isici esifana nesemigudu yamatshe sifinyelelwa.

Njengoba ungalindela, lokhu kubukeka okumazombezombe kuletha izinzuzo eziningi. Isibonelo, ngaphezu kokwenza indawo engashibiliki, ukhonkolo ocushiwe awunabo ubuthi, umelana kakhulu nokugqoka nokuklebhuka kwansuku zonke, futhi awuzwani nezinkinga zephansi lamatshe.

Ngokuyisisekelo okwenziwayo ukuhlanganisa ukhonkolo ovamile namanzi, usimende, nezicucu zamatshe. Okwakamuva kwengeza ubuntu ekuqedeni kokhonkolo okungasebenzi.

Wenziwa kanjani ukhonkolo ongasebenzi?

Ukwenza ukhonkolo ongasasebenzi kuncike emsebenzini nokusetshenziswa kwawo okuhlosiwe. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuthola ukhonkolo ongazweli kungasebenzi, ongaguquguquki, futhi uqiniswe ngokwanele, futhi ngokohlobo lwenhlabathi esiyidingayo.

Isitezi esiqhubekayo esivaliwe sikakhonkolo sithuthukiswa kusukela kusistimu yesisekelo ekhanyisiwe, lapho izinto zokuvikela i-thermoacoustic zigqama. Ukulungiswa kwalolu hlobo lwezindawo ezingaphezulu kuqukethe lokhu okulandelayo:

  • Njengesinyathelo sokuqala, kuyadingeka ukuhlola ukuthi indawo lapho ukhonkolo ovaliwe uzobekwa khona ihlanganiswe ngokuphelele, futhi ayibonisi ukungalingani.
  • Ngemuva kwalokhu, kuyadingeka ukutshala kabusha umhlaba, ukuphinda uhlole ukuthi akukho ukungalingani.
  • Uma konke sekumi ngomumo, kuthelwa ukhonkolo. Khona-ke inqubo yokubusa kufanele isetshenziselwe ukwenza ukubuthelela kwezandla ebusweni.
  • Ngaphambi nje kokuba isilungiselelo siqhubeke, ukudonsa ngesandla kuyenziwa. Lesi sinyathelo sibalulekile ukuthola ukubukeka kukathayela nokungasheleli okuyisici sikakhonkolo ongasebenzi.
  • Isinyathelo esilandelayo ukusebenzisa i-ejenti yokuvala kuyo yonke indawo, bese, lapho ukhonkolo usethiwe, qhubeka nokugeza yonke indawo ukuze ususe yonke iminonjana yodaka olungasethiwe, ngendlela yokuthi ama-aggregate kakhonkolo avezwe kahle.
  • Ukuze uqedele, ukhonkolo ongasebenzi kufanele uvalwe kusetshenziswa i-resin ekhethekile. Lokhu kungaphezu kokwanele ukuze uthole ukuqedwa kwephansi obuhlale ukukufuna.
Kungase kukuthande:  Usimende Onwetshiwe

Izici zokhonkolo ongasebenzi

Ukhonkolo ongasebenzi ubonakala ngokuthi Kubhekwa njengohlobo lwe-pavement yokuhlobisa. Akukhona lokho kuphela, lokhu kukhonkolo kukhiqizwa ngesikhathi esifushane kakhulu, futhi ngokusetshenziswa kwamathuluzi ambalwa kakhulu noma izinto zokwakha.

Ngenxa yalokho, ukhonkolo ovaliwe kuyindlela yokwakha eyonga kakhulu engashintshwa kunoma yisiphi isitayela sangaphandle. Kuvamile ukuthi lolu hlobo lwe-flooring lufakwe eduze kwechibi, njengoba linikeza indawo engashibiliki.

Futhi kuyisinqumo esihle kakhulu sokufaka emhubheni wengadi, noma kuthala, ngoba unikeza ukuthintana kwakudala nenhle. Ukufakwa kwayo kunconywa ezindaweni eziwela abahamba ngezinyawo, kodwa hhayi eziphasejini zezimoto.

Esinye isici sekhonkrithi evaliwe ukuthi itholakala ngemibala ehlukene, ngoba ingafakwa ngaphandle kwalokhu kufaka noma iyiphi ingozi. Njengamanje imibala etholakalayo ibomvu, empunga, emnyama, neluhlaza, phakathi kweminye.

Yiziphi izinzuzo zikakhonkolo ongasebenzi?

Izakhiwo zikakhonkolo ongasebenzi ziyafana nalezo zikakhonkolo ojwayelekile. Eqinisweni, ibonakala ngokulandelayo:

  • Inomjikelezo wempilo owusizo ophakathi kweminyaka eyi-15 nengama-25.
  • Ukuphikiswa okuphezulu kwesimo sezulu, kusukela iyimpahla eqinile ekwazi ukubekezelela isimo sezulu esibi.

Ukhonkolo ongasebenzi ubuye unikeze ukumelana okukhulu nokushelela ngenxa yokuthi ama-aggregate ayaxutshwa. Lokhu kukwenza kube ukukhetha okuhle kakhulu kwezinhlelo zokusebenza zangaphandle njengezindlela kanye nama-pool decks. Futhi yakhelwe ukumelana nezimo zezulu ezahlukahlukenenjengemvula noma isithwathwa.

Okokugcina, ama-aggregate anezela ekuthandeni kobuhle bukakhonkolo osuvaliwe. Ama-aggregate empeleni anikeza ukhonkolo isithombe setshe eliphansi. Lokhu kukunikeza umlingiswa we-driveway noma ithala ngaphandle kobunzima bokugcina i-gravel floor yangempela.

Kungenzeka futhi ukwenza ngokwezifiso ukukhonkoloka kukakhonkolo ngokukhetha uhlobo lwe-aggregate esetshenzisiwe. Ngenxa yalokho, unokulawula okugcwele phezu kwezinga lobunzima nombala wekhonkrithi yakho.

Okokugcina, ngokungafani nendawo yamatshe, ukhonkolo ongasebenzi kulula kakhulu ukuyigcina futhi ihlanzekile.

Ukubekwa kukakhonkolo kungasebenzi

Ukuthululwa kwe-slab yekhonkrithi evamile kufana ncamashi nesigaba sokuqala sokubeka ukhonkolo ongasebenzi. Kuzodingeka uhlanganise izakhi ezifanayo njengangaphambili, okungukuthi, isikhwama sokhonkolo namanzi. Nokho, uzodinga ukuhlanganisa izilinganiso ozikhethe ngaphambilini.

Kungase kukuthande:  Usimende Onwetshiwe

Isigaba sesibili sokufakwa siyingqayizivele. Kubandakanya ukusetshenziswa kwe-retarder ngakolunye uhlangothi, kanye nokwenza ukuhlanza okunomfutho ophezulu ukususa ungqimba olungaphezulu lodaka. Uma unolwazi oluthile lokuthulula ama-slabs kakhonkolo, kanye nokuphatha lezi zinhlobo zezinto zokwakha namathuluzi, futhi uma unamathuluzi adingekayo okwenza ukhonkolo wakho ongasebenzi, ungakwenza ngokwakho.

Uma kungenjalo, sincoma ngokuqinile ukuthi ufune usizo lochwepheshe. Lokhu kuzoqinisekisa ukufakwa okuphelele nokuphephile. Ukufakwa kukakhonkolo ongasebenzi, empeleni, kudinga ubuchwepheshe obuthile. Futhi, ukuqasha uchwepheshe wezokwakha onekhono kuzonikeza umphumela oqinile noqinile.

Ungangabazi ukuvakashela ochwepheshe bezokwakha abambalwa ngaphambi kokunquma ukuthi ubani ozophatha ukufakwa kwakho. Uma lokhu sekwenziwe, uzokwazi ukuqhathanisa izinsiza ngokuphathelene nekhotheshini. Ngokuvamile, sincoma ukuthi uthole okungenani izingcaphuno ezintathu ukuze uthole isithombe esiphelele, kanye nalo lonke ulwazi oludingayo ukuze ukhethe unolwazi.

Kubiza malini ukufaka ukhonkolo ongasasebenzi?

Kunzima ukulinganisa izindleko zokubeka ukhonkolo ovaliwe ngokunembile. Eqinisweni, izici ezimbalwa kufanele zicatshangelwe lapho kubalwa izindleko zokugcina. Kubalulekile ukuthi ucabange ngalezi zinto ezilandelayo ngaphambi kokuqasha inkampani, noma ukuqala umsebenzi uwedwa.

Indawo okumele imbozwe

Ngokwemvelo, indawo enkulu, uzodinga ukhonkolo owengeziwe, ngakho-ke isabelomali sakho sizodinga ukuba sibe sikhulu.

isimo senhlabathi

Kungase kudingeke ukuba kwenziwe ama-earthworks kuye ngesimo sendawo okumele imbozwe. Uma indawo yakho itshekile noma isesimweni esibi, ungase udinge lezi ziqondiso. Umgomo uwukulungisa umhlabathi ukuze kuthelwe ukhonkolo kuwo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kubalulekile ukuthi indawo yakho yokwamukela izivakashi ibe isicaba ngokuphelele.

Intengo yezinto zokwakha

Lokhu izonqunywa inani lezinto ezidingekayo, kanye nekhwalithi yalezi zinto kanye nohlobo lweqoqo elikhethiwe. Uma ufuna ukwenza ukufakwa ngokwakho, lezi zinto zitholakala ezitolo ezinkulu ze-DIY.

Kodwa-ke, uma ufuna ukumboza indawo enkulu, kungase kudingeke uqashe iloli ukuthutha izikhwama zikakhonkolo kanye nokuhlanganisa. Ukuze ubale izindleko zakho, uzodinga ukwengeza lokhu ezindlekweni zakho.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uhlobo lwezinto ozozidinga zizoncika ekwandiseni iphrojekthi yakho. Kuye ngobungako obuzombozwa, ungase udinge iwasha enengcindezi ephezulu, i-mixer kakhonkolo, noma iloli lokuhlanganisa.

Uma ukufakwa kwenziwa uchwepheshe, izindleko zezinto ezibonakalayo zizofakwa kuphakheji lonke. Kodwa-ke, uma uzenzela wena, kufanele ukhumbule ukukufaka esilinganisweni sezindleko zakho ukuze unqume ibhajethi yakho ephelele.

Kungase kukuthande:  Usimende Onwetshiwe

Abasebenzi

Si contratas a un profesional para instalar tu concreto desactivado, el costo de la mano de obra lo determinará la empresa que elijas. Por eso es fundamental obtener muchas estimaciones para comparar precios y servicios.

Izindleko zabasebenzi, kanye nempahla, okokusebenza, namathuluzi, kuzofakwa esilinganisweni. Amanani ngokusobala ayahluka kusuka kochwepheshe oyedwa kuya kwesinye, kodwa athonywa kakhulu indawo okumele ihlanganiswe. Izabelomali okufanele zilindelwe ngokujwayelekile yilezi ezilandelayo:

  • Uma indawo okumele imbozwe incane, isibonelo, 50 m², kungase kudingeke ukhokhe phakathi kuka-€100 no-€150 ngem² ngayinye.
  • Esimeni sendawo enkulu kuno-50 m², intengo ingaba phakathi kuka-€60 no-€100 ngem² ngayinye.

Uma unquma ukufaka ukhonkolo ongasebenzi ngokwakho, ngokuqinisekile uzogcina imali kulezi zindleko. Kunoma isiphi isimo, ungesabi ukubuza, futhi qiniseka ukuthi uqhathanisa amathuba, bese ukhetha ovumelana kangcono nezidingo zakho, iphrojekthi kanye nesabelomali.

Iyini i-surface retarder?

Ukuhlanganisa kuma-slabs kakhonkolo avaliwe naphansi kungavezwa ngezindlela ezihlukahlukene ukuze kunikeze isiphetho esibukekayo. Noma kunjalo, ukusebenzisa i-concrete surface retarder kuyindlela elula nethembekile kakhulu.

Akukhona nje kuphela ukuthi le ndlela iphephile futhi ayigxili kakhulu ekusebenzeni kwe-asidi nokuqhunyiswa okulimazayo, futhi ikhiqiza imiphumela engaguquki, ngaphandle kokuqhekeka, ukuqhekeka, noma ukuguquguquka kombala.

I-surface retarder futhi izokunikeza ukulawula okwengeziwe phezu kokujula kokuchayeka, okukuvumela ukuthi uthole umphumela ofanele. Nazi ezinye izinto ezibalulekile zokukusiza ukuthi usebenzise i-retarder engaphezulu uma ungakaze uyisebenzise ngaphambilini.

I-surface retarders, eyaziwa nangokuthi "ama-deactivators" angaphezulu, isetshenziselwa ukuhlehlisa ngokwekhemikhali ukumiswa kodaka lwangaphezulu kukhonkolo entsha. Zivumela ukhonkolo osele ukuba ululaphe kahle, ngaphandle kokushintsha isivinini sokusetha noma ukuzuza amandla, ngokungafani nezinqamuleli zokubeka ukhonkolo.

Ngenxa yalokho, ukhonkolo ongaphansi uzoqina kahle, kuyilapho ukunamathisela kwendawo kungasuswa kalula ngemva kwalokho, ngenxa yalokho ama-retarders angaphezulu emsebenzini kakhonkolo ovaliwe ngokunciphisa ijubane. inqubo we-hydration ekujuleni okuthile.

Kufanele isetshenziswe nini i-surface retarder?

Isikhathi esifanele sokusebenzisa i-surface retarder singemva kokuba zonke izinqubo zokuqeda seziqediwe futhi amanzi ophayo esehwamukile.

Kuleli qophelo akufanele uvale ukhonkolo noma usebenzise ama-curring compounds kuqala, njengoba lokhu kungavimbela i-retarder ukuthi isebenze kahle. Usebenzisa i-low pressure sprayer noma i-roller, sebenzisa i-surface retarder ngokulinganayo phezu kwendawo ozoyimboza.

Ama-surface retarders amaningi aklanyelwe ukwenza okokunamathela kukhonkolo okusebenza njenge-ejenti elaphayo yesikhashana futhi kuyivikele emvuleni encane nesimo sezulu. viento. Uma kuzoba nemvula eningi noma umoya okhona, kufanele umboze ingaphezulu ngamashidi epulasitiki.

Uma usebenzisa i-surface retarder, ukucatshangelwa okubaluleke kakhulu ukuqinisekisa ukutholakala okuphelele nokufana. Ukusebenzisa i-surface retarder enombala, equkethe udayi we-tracer okuvumela ukuthi ubone ukuqhubeka kwayo, kuyindlela elula yokubheka ngokubukeka lapho ufafaze khona. Ngemuva kokumisa, ibala lizowohloka ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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