Quantcast

Ikuphi ibhodi lokushintsha imoto?

Funda Ikuphi ibhodi lokushintsha imoto?, indlela yokubona ukuthi iyehluleka futhi yiziphi izindlela ezingenzeka zokuyilungisa. Konke kulesi sihloko esithakazelisayo esikuhlelele sona.

Iphi iyunithi yokulawula imoto futhi yini umsebenzi wayo?

I-Car Switchboard yaziwa ngokuthi ECU (Iyunithi yokulawula injini),  futhi iyingxenye ebaluleke kakhulu yezinhlelo zemoto, ngoba yiyona eyivumela ukuthi isebenze kahle. Iqukethe amayunithi amabili: iyunithi yenjini kanye neyunithi yokunethezeka.

Umsebenzi wale yunithi yokulawula enjinini ukwenza izinyathelo ezifanele zokujova uphethiloli ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukwehla kanye nesivinini senjini. Nakuba leyo yeComfort iyona ethinta ukuphathwa noma ukusebenza kwe ngazi kanjani Ivula ivale izicabha, i-climate control yangaphakathi yemoto, amawindi namalambu emoto.

Kafushane, iyunithi yokulawula ingubuchopho bemoto futhi ibaluleke njengenjini yayo, ngoba iphethe ukuqondisa ukusebenza kwayo yonke imoto. Le yunithi yokulawula ingonakala, okungenza kungakwazi ukuxhumana nezinzwa zemoto.

Imininingwane ngokusebenza kwe-Switchboard emotweni

Iyunithi yokulawula imoto ingabonakala engxenyeni yenjini noma ngaphakathi kwendawo yabagibeli, kodwa lokhu kuyahlukahluka kuye ngohlobo lwemoto nomkhiqizi wayo. umkhiqizo ngamunye ungayibeka ezindaweni ezahlukene. Kodwa isebenza kanjani le switchboard? asibone:

  • Ilawula inani likaphethiloli oshiswa ekusha.
  • Ilawula amazinga okuphuma kwegesi.
  • Thuthukisa ukusebenza.
  • Phatha izinguquko.
  • Ilawula isivinini sokungenzi lutho senjini.
Kungase kukuthande:  Indlela yokulungisa i-upholstery?

Ekufezeni le misebenzi, uhlelo kufanele lube ne-microprocessor eyakhelwe ngaphakathi ehlelwe ngokwemoto ngayinye. Ngalo mqondo, izinzwa zesikhundla se-servomotor, i-acceleration pedal, izinaliti, kanye nezinye izakhi, kufanele zithumele ulwazi kuyunithi yokulawula ukuze yenze ukuqhathanisa kwawo wonke amazinga ahleliwe futhi ikwazi ukudlulisa ama-oda ukuze kugcinwa amazinga afanele okusebenza kwemoto.

Uma kutholwa ukwehluleka, irekhoda kumemori yayo yangaphakathi, futhi lapho umshini wokuxilonga weshabhu yokulungisa kabusha uxhunywa kuyunithi yokulawula, izothumela umbiko ophelele wokwehluleka okutholiwe.

Itholakala kuphi iyunithi yokulawula ngokokwakheka kwemoto?

Iyunithi yokulawula izotholakala kuye ngokwakhiwa kanye nemodeli yezimoto.. Ngezansi sizochaza uhlu lwezimoto ezithengiswa kakhulu emhlabeni wonke ukuze wazi indawo ezikuyo ngqo:

  • I-Audi neVolkswagen:  zingaphansi kwe-wiper windshield, khona kanye ngemuva kwesikhunta sepulasitiki.
  • I-BMW: ngaphansi kwe-hood ngemuva kwebhokisi le-fuse, ivezwe ebhokisini lepulasitiki eduze kwebhethri yemoto.
  • I-Citroen: kule modeli itholakala ku-hood, ku Ukuphi indawo yenjini.
  • I-Fiat:  ingaphakathi emotweni wazi kuphi thola indawo yonyawo lwangaphambili ohlangothini lwabagibeli noma futhi endaweni yenjini.
  • I-Ford: Ngasohlangothini lomshayeli kukhona i-side trim eyenziwe ngepulasitiki, kwezinye izinhlobo ze-fiat ungayithola ngaphansi kwebhokisi lamagilavu ​​elisohlangothini lomgibeli, ungaphinde uyithole ebhethrini langaphakathi emotweni.
  • I-Honda: lapho unyawo lomgibeli lubekwe esihlalweni esingaphambili, ngaphansi kukakhaphethi kulolo hlangothi noma phezu kwebhokisi lamagilavu.
  • ILand Rover:  kumamodeli amanje itholakala ebhokisini lepulasitiki elibonakala eduze kwebhethri, noma ngaphakathi kwemoto ngezansi nje kwesihlalo somshayeli.
  • I-Mazda:  kuzo zonke izinhlobo zale moto itholakala ngaphansi kukakhaphethi ohlangothini lwe-passenger footwell.
  • I-Mitsubishi: , ngaphezu kwebhokisi lamagilavu ​​elisohlangothini lomgibeli.
  • IPeugeot  ngaphansi kwesivalo lapho igumbi lenjini likhona noma ngaphakathi kwemoto
  •  iphi ikholomu yokuqondisa.
  • I-Renault:  ivuliwe noma ingaphansi kwe-hood ohlangothini lwesobunxele eduze nalapho ibhethri ikhona.
  • ISuzuki:  ngaphakathi kwemoto ngaphezu kwamaphedali noma ngemuva kwebhokisi lamagilavu.
Kungase kukuthande:  Ungakhetha kanjani i-polish yemoto?

Ungazi kanjani ukuthi iyunithi yokulawula imoto yehluleka?

Kunezindlela ezimbalwa lapho iyunithi yokulawula ithikamezeka noma ibonise iphutha elihlobene nezinye zezinto ezingaphakathi kwesistimu yemoto. Okuvame kakhulu yilezi:

  • Ayiyiqali injini noma ibe nenkinga yokuyiqalisa, noma uma isiqalile ukuyinyakaza ivele ime.
  • Ukungenzi lutho akuzinzile noma kunesivinini esingalungile.
  • Imoto ilahlekelwa isivinini nokusheshisa.
  • Isebenza kabi.
  • Inamandla amakhulu noma ukusetshenziswa kukaphethiloli.
  • Injini njalo isikhathi esithile yenza ama-detonations amancane.
  • Uma usebenzisa i-windshield wiper, ikwenza ngendlela engavamile noma ayisebenzi.
  • Ukuvala iminyango, kumele kwenziwe imizamo eminingana.
  • Amalambu angaphakathi emotweni awakhanyisi.

Kwenzekani uma kukhona i-voltage surge?

Ukugcwala kukagesi ngenxa yokulimala kwe-wiring kungakhiqiza isifunda esifushane kunoma yiziphi izakhi ezenza uhlelo. Kulokhu, ingxenye ethintekile kufanele itholakale futhi iphathwe ngendlela efanele. Uma kungenjalo, iphutha elifanayo lingenzeka ngisho noma iyunithi yokulawula ishintshwa.

Kwenzekani uma kukhona amaphutha ezinhlelo?

Okwamanje lapho i-module yokulawula ihlelwa kabusha, uhlobo lwemoto kufanele lucatshangelwe, ukwazi ukuthi kufanele luhlelwe kanjani, kwesinye isikhathi kungenzeka ukuthi iyunithi yokulawula ingasebenzi kahle noma iqhubeke nokuletha ukwehluleka ngenxa iphutha lohlelo.

Indlela yokubuyisela i-switchboard enephutha?

Ukuze ulungise iyunithi yokulawula ephukile, into yokuqala ukuthola umsuka wephutha elishiwo, bese ulixazulula usebenzisa eyodwa yalezi zindlela ezine:

Kungase kukuthande:  Iyini inzwa ye-MAP?

Lapho i-motherboard ilungiswa 

Uma iphutha liku-motherboard, kufanele lilungiswe, kufakwe izinzwa nezishayeli zesistimu noma ukuzama ukulungisa isofthiwe. Lona kuphela inketho yezomnotho engenziwa, kodwa ayikwazi ukwenziwa uma uhlelo lunomonakalo omkhulu kakhulu njengokuphumula ngenxa yemiphumela yamanzi noma ukushisa.

I-cloning yenziwa nini?

Imayelana nokukopisha ulwazi oluqukethwe kuyunithi engalungiseki uluyise kwentsha. Kwenziwa ezimweni ezinjengokuphuka kwe-microprocessor noma ukwehluleka ngenxa yomswakama oweqile. Esimeni lapho kungenakwenzeka ukubuyisela ulwazi, ayikho enye inketho ngaphandle kokuhlela kabusha ibhodi lokushintsha, ukubhala amakhodi nokuvula kusukela ekuqaleni.

Ukushintsha ibhodi lokushintsha

Ayikwazi ukulungisa idrayivu. Njengoba bekulindelekile, iyindlela ebiza kakhulu, njengoba intengo ye-switchboard entsha izoba ngaphansi komkhiqizo, kanye nezwe lapho itholakala khona, amanye angama-euro ayizinkulungwane ezimbili. Njengenye indlela, ingashintshwa kufakwe eseseke, kodwa isengcupheni yomnikazi wemoto.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

umtapo wolwazi
Thola ku-Inthanethi
Abalandeli Abakwe-Inthanethi
ukuyicubungula kalula
imanuwali encane
a ukwenza kanjani
I-TypeRelax
LavaMagazine