I-Aeneid

I-Aeneid kuwumsebenzi wobuciko kaVirgilio, umkhiqizo weminyaka eyishumi nanye yomsebenzi onzima. Inganekwane ithi uVirgil wabhala lesi sihloko ngaphandle kokuhleleka, wasihlukanisa saba izincwadi eziyishumi nambili futhi esebenza ngayinye ngendlela athanda ngayo.

Ayikaqedwa ngesikhathi sokufa kukaVirgil ngo-19 BC. C., lo mbhalo wesandla wacishe wabhujiswa; u-Virgilio othanda ukuphelela, kubonakala sengathi wayenganelisekile ngalo mkhiqizo, futhi wayeshilo encwadini yakhe yefa ukuthi kufanele azishise uma kwenzeka okuthile kuye.

Isifinyezo kanye nama-Synopsis

I-Aeneid ixoxa indaba yohambo luka-Aeneas eyofuna indawo lapho ayezokwakha khona idolobha eliyoba uMbuso WaseRoma omkhulu ngelinye ilanga. Iqala phakathi nohambo luka-Eneya, njengoba esondela edolobheni laseCarthage, elibuswa uDido, owakha leli dolobha ngemva kokubalekela umfowabo ongumbulali. Ngobunye ubusuku esidlweni sakusihlwa, utshela u-Dido nenkantolo yakhe mayelana nohambo lwakhe kuze kube manje.

U-Aeneas ulandisa indaba yokuwa kukaTroy nokuthi waphoqeleka kanjani ukuba ashiye idolobha azalelwa kulo noyise u-Anchises, indodana yakhe u-Ascanius, nomkakhe uCreusa. Phakathi nohambo, walahlekelwa uCreusa, isithunzi sakhe sabonakala kuye, simtshela ukuba alandele isiphetho sakhe, okuwukwakha umuzi omkhulu futhi athathe umakoti wasebukhosini.

U-Aeneas kanye nabanye ababaleki baseTrojani baqala, lapho baba nezigigaba eziningi ngaphambi kokuba bafike eCarthage: bekholelwa ukuthi izwe ababelimiselwe ukuba liseKrethe, basungula idolobha lapho, kodwa bashaywa isifo esibaphoqelela ukuba baphume; balwa namahabhu futhi baqalekiswa ngumholi wabo, uCeleyanus; babaleka esiqhingini sama-cyclops ukuze bagweme ukubulawa yizilwane ezineso elilodwa; U-Anchises wafela esiqhingini saseDrepanum.

Lapho u-Aeneas eqeda ukutshela u-Dido indaba yakhe, uyaqaphela ukuthi uye wavutha uthando ngaye futhi uyamlandela ngokungapheli. UJuno uphatha lesi simo ukuze umbhangqwana uchithe ubusuku emhumeni, lapho uba yizithandani.

Kungase kukuthande:  Mahabharata

Nokho, ekugcineni u-Aeneas uyaqaphela ukuthi ubelokhu eshiya ikusasa lakhe ngokulibala eCarthage, ngakho ulungiselela amadoda akhe ukuba ahambe. U-Dido uye waqiniseka ukuthi bobabili, empeleni, indoda nomfazi, futhi ukhathazeke kakhulu ngokulahlwa komthandi wakhe kangangokuthi wakha umngcwabo futhi uzibulala ngenkemba ka-Aeneas.

Njengoba u-Eneya namadoda akhe besuka eCarthage ngomkhumbi, babona idolobha livutha amalangabi, izakhamuzi zethukile, kodwa aziqapheli ukuthi indlovukazi isifile. Imikhumbi iya eDrepanum, lapho ibamba iqhaza emikhosini ephawula unyaka wokuqala wokufa kuka-Anchises, futhi u-Aeneas uthola isiprofetho esimtshela ukuthi ahambe aye e-Underworld ukuze ahlangane noyise.

Enomculi waseCumaean u-Deiphobe njengomqondisi wakhe, u-Aeneas uhamba e-Underworld efuna ama-Anchises. Ohambweni, u-Aeneas ubona inqwaba yezinto ezimbi, kuhlanganise nemiphefumulo engaphumuli engazange ithole ukungcwatshwa okufanele, izipoki zezingane ezifile, nenqaba eyesabekayo iThartharasi, lapho izoni ezimbi kakhulu zihlala khona ekuhlushweni kwaphakade.

Lapho ekugcineni ethola uyise e-Elysium enhle, lapho kuphumula khona imiphefumulo engamaqhawe kuphela, u-Anchises umbonisa izithunzi okuthi, lapho esezelwe kabusha, ayoba amaqhawe oMbuso WaseRoma. U-Aeneas ubuyela ezweni labaphilayo, eqinisekile ngesidingo sokufeza ikusasa lakhe, bese ehamba ngomkhumbi eya eLaurentum, lapho ezokwakha khona idolobha lakhe elikhulu.

Lapho u-Aeneas namadoda akhe befika eLaurentum, babingelelwa ngokufudumele yiNkosi uLatinus, esizwile isiprofetho sokuthi indodakazi yakhe, uLavinia, kufanele ishade nomuntu wangaphandle. Kodwa-ke, uJuno, ecasulwe yilesi sivumelwano, uthumela enye ye-Furies ukuthi izosusa uthuthuva.

I-Fury Allecto iqala impi phakathi kwamaTrojan namaLatins ngokuthukuthelisa inhliziyo ka-Turnus, omunye umkhongi ka-Lavinia. Kuphinde kugqugquzele unkosikazi kaLatinus, iNdlovukazi u-Amata, ukuthi enze konke okusemandleni ukuvimbela amaTrojan ukuthi akhe idolobha lawo eLaurentum. U-Turnus ubiza amadoda aseLatini ukuthi azolwa nabantu bakwamanye amazwe, futhi kulandela impi embi nethatha isikhathi eside.

Kungase kukuthande:  I-Ramayana

U-Aeneas ufuna usizo lweNkosi u-Evander, umbusi wombuso ompofu ongumakhelwane, kanye nama-Etruscans, afisa ukuphindisela ububi obenzelwa uMezentius, omunye wabasekeli bakaTurnus. INkosi u-Evander iphathisa indodana yayo, uPallas, ukuba ilwe ngasohlangothini lweqhawe elikhulu, kodwa uPallas ubulawa ngesihluku uTurnus, okuyisinyathelo uTurnus azozisola ngaso.

Ekugcineni ngisho namaLatins ayakubona ukungagwemeki kokunqoba kweTrojan, ebiza i-duel eyodwa phakathi kukaTurnus no-Aeneas. Nokho-ke, lapho impi isizoqala, udadewabo kaTurnus uJuturna uthungela amasosha aseLatini. I-Trojan encane iyabulawa, futhi impi iqala futhi. Ekugcineni ngisho no-Turnus uyaqaphela ukuthi ukuphela kwendlela yokuqeda ukubulala i-duel, ngakho bobabili bahlangana ensimini.

U-Aeneas ngokusobala unesandla esiphezulu kuyo yonke le mpi, naphezu kokuthi uTurnus esizwa udadewabo, uJuturna, kuze kube yilapho uJupiter engenela futhi ememezela ukuthi onkulunkulu ngeke besakwazi ukugxambukela ezindabeni zabantu abafayo. Ekugcineni, u-Aeneas uwisa uTurnus phansi, futhi indoda ewile ithandazela ukuphila kwayo, noma okungenani isidumbu sakhe sithunyelwe kuyise ukuze singcwatshwe.

Nakuba u-Aeneas ethintwa okwesikhashana ukunxusa kwesitha sakhe, uyabona ukuthi uTurnus uphonse amahlombe akhe ibhande likaPallas, futhi u-Aeneas unquma ukungabi nesihe. Umlando uphetha ngokuthi u-Aeneas ephonsa inkemba yakhe enhliziyweni ka-Turnus bese kuthi ithunzi elibubulayo lika-Turnus libaleke liyongena e-Underworld.

Uhlobo: Epic

I-Aeneid iwumlando ngoba iyinkondlo ende elandisa ngezenzo zabantu, onkulunkulu, namaqhawe. Njengama-epics esiGreki asekelwe kuwo, i-aeneid usebenzisa imitha yenkondlo ye-"dactylic hexameter." Njengombhali wamaqhawe, uVirgil wayengumsunguli; ngaphambi kwakhe, i-epic yayicatshangwa ukuthi iyindaba exoxwayo yezindaba zesikhathi esidlule, futhi akekho owayengacabanga ukwenza konke ukuxhumana nomlando wakamuva wezepolitiki awenzayo.

Kungase kukuthande:  I-Divine Comedy

Personajes

Izinhlamvu zingahlukaniswa zibe izingxenye ezimbili ezinkulu:

ebulalayo

  • I-Aeneas:Umlingiswa oyinhloko. owasinda ekuvinjezelweni kweTroy. Isici sakhe esichazayo ukuzinikela nokuhlonipha intando yonkulunkulu.
  • I-Dido: Indlovukazi yaseCarthage, idolobha eliseNyakatho Afrika, endaweni manje ebizwa ngokuthi iTunisia, kanye nomthandi ka-Aeneas.
  • I-Turnus: Umbusi wamaRutulians ku Italia. U-Turnus ungumphikisi omkhulu ka-Aeneas phakathi kwabantu abafayo.
  • I-Ascanio:indodana ka-Eneya ngomkakhe wokuqala, uCreusa.
  • Amahange: uyise ka-Aeneas kanye nophawu lwefa leThrojani.

Onkulunkulu

  • Juno: indlovukazi yezithixo. UJuno (uHera ezinganekwaneni zamaGreki) uyawazonda amaTrojan ngenxa yecala leTrojan Paris elibhekene naye emqhudelwaneni wonobuhle.
  • IVenus: Unkulunkulukazi wothando kanye nomama ka-Aeneas. UVenus (u-Aphrodite ezinganekwaneni zamaGreki) ungumzuzi weTrojans.
  • I-Jupiter: inkosi yonkulunkulu kanye nendodana kaSaturn.
  • Neptune: UNkulunkulu wolwandle, futhi ngokuvamile ungumngane kaVenus no-Aeneas.

I-Análisis

Ukudalelwa mhlawumbe yindikimba eyinhloko ebusayo i-aeneid. Isenzo sigxile ekuzimiseleni kuka-Aeneas ukufeza ikusasa lakhe, uma kungenjalo yena, khona-ke indodana yakhe, u-Ascanius, kanye nezizukulwane zamaqhawe azomlandela.

Nakuba kunabaningi abazama ukuphambukisa u-Aeneas endleleni yakhe ayinqunyelwe, ikakhulukazi uJuno, unkulunkulukazi intukuthelo yakhe emholela ekubekeni izithiyo ezingenakubalwa ukuze acasule amaTrojan ohambweni lwawo, futhi abanye babo bayakwazi ukulibazisa inkambo yezenzakalo, akukwazi. yenza noma yini ukuvimba u-Eneya ukuba akhe idolobha ngelinye ilanga eliyoba uMbuso WaseRoma omkhulu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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