Ubani uRobert Owen?Wenzeni? futhi nokuningi


uRobert owen, umnumzane ovelele, wemfundiso yezenhlalakahle, imibono yakhe eyayigxile kakhulu emalungelweni abantu endaweni yezisebenzi. Le post elandelayo ikhombisa konke odinga ukukwazi ngalo mlisa obalulekile emlandweni, ukuthi belinjani iqhaza lakhe, wenzeni nokunye okuningi.

uRobert owen

uRobert owen

URobert Owen wazalelwa eNewton, eNyakatho Wales, eNgilandi, ngoMeyi 14, 1771. Umndeni wakhe mkhulu, unemvelaphi ephansi enemisebenzi yesigaba sabasebenzi. Ukufunda kuwukuheha kwakhe kokuqala. Wangena emsebenzini esemncane kakhulu, engakahlanganisi neminyaka eyi-10, njengomsizi endaweni eyinhloko-dolobha yaseNgilandi, eLondon. Usebenzisa imibhalo yomphathi wakhe ukuze azinikele ekufundeni eyedwa. Kakade eminyakeni yakhe yama-20, inhlalakahle ifika empilweni yakhe lapho esebenzela inkampani ezinikele ekuphotheni noma ukuluka etholakala eManchester.

Kamuva waba umnikazi wengxenye yentambo efanayo ngo-1799, eScotland ebizwa ngokuthi iNew Lanark. Indlela yayo kanye nemibono ibilokhu igcinwe ukuze kuzuze abasebenzi bayo, ikhombisa ukuzivikela kwayo emkhakheni wezenhlalo. Lokho kuhlanganisa nohlangothi lwezomnotho nepolitiki njengoba kuhlangene. Lokhu kubangela i- Ozakwethu abamphelekezelayo bamshiya yedwa ngokungahlanganyeli izimfundiso zakhe.

Wenzani uRobert Owen?

Kodwa izimo azisona isithiyo noma zimvimbe, kunalokho, uqinisa ifilosofi yakhe, eqala ngo-1800 ngentuthuko engangabazeki yezimboni ngokuthola imishini. Iphinde inikeze amaholo ahloniphekile, inzuzo yendawo yokuhlala ehloniphekile kanye nomsebenzi ohloselwe ukutshala ukudla. Okubaluleke nakakhulu, iqiniso lokuthi abasebenzi babenenzuzo yokuthola iphesenti lenzuzo yefekthri eyayibanika izinga lempilo elingcono.

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Le phrojekthi iyabiza kodwa ayikho ngaphandle kwempumelelo ku-Robert Owen, imnika isizinda ukuze anqobe abalingani bakhe bangaphambili konke ukuphikisa. Ngonyaka ka-1813, uJeremy Bentham uhamba naye emfundisweni yakhe. Lapho kakade maphakathi nekhulu le-XNUMX, isiyinganekwane engqikithini yayo.

Iminikelo kaRobert Owen Yokuphatha

I-Los Iminikelo kaRobert Owen kubaphathi baqala ngokuvimbela noma ukugwema abantu ukuthi bangasebenzi. Kuye, inkokhelo enhle yayihlala ibalulekile ngokulinganayo, iqinisekisa izinga lempilo elamukelekayo.

Ngaleso sikhathi iNgilandi yayisenkingeni yezomnotho. Lapho iqhinga lakhe bekuwukuthi abantu abahola kancane babe nokuzinza kwezomnotho ngaphandle kokuyeka ukusebenza. Akudingekile ukusebenzisa umshini ukwenza umsebenzi uma kukhona abantu abazimisele futhi ubahlinzeka ngezinsiza zokuhlinzeka ngezidingo zabo eziyisisekelo.

Ngonyaka ka-1815 uqala ukukhombisa ukwenqaba kwakhe ngoba abantu abasha baqala emhlabeni wezisebenzi, okwamlethela ubutha obuningi. Kwathi ngo-1816, wadala isikole sokuqala emhlabeni esizinikezele ekufundiseni zasenkulisa. Ngale ndlela, indlela yayo yezenhlalo iqala lapho ukubamba iqhaza kanye nobudlelwane kuyisisekelo senqubekelaphambili yabantu abanezimiso kanye nesifiso sokuphumelela.

Iqinisa ukuzinikela kwayo ekusebenzeni kwezingane ngokwakhiwa kwezikole zamasiko abantu abasha kanye nabantu abadala, ngoba ukukhula akusho ukukhohlwa.

Ithini Iphrojekthi yakho Engaphumeleli?

Okwonyaka we-1817, uRobert owen Wethula iphrojekthi eKomidini Lokusiza Abampofu, eyayihlanganisa ukusungula uhlelo lwedolobha endaweni enkulu. Lapho abantu babezolima umhlabathi futhi izingane zabo zazihlala nabazali bazo zize zibe neminyaka emithathu ubudala. Bazobe sebethuthelwa kwezinye izindawo zomphakathi ngesikhathi abazali beqhubeka nomsebenzi wabo. Ukuba nokuxhumana okufanelekile nokunembayo nezingane.

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Kodwa konke kuphenduka ukwehluleka futhi nakuba ekwenza kwamanye amazwe, ngo-1825 ngemva kokuthenga indawo e-United States, inhlanhla ayikho eceleni kwakhe.

Ukubaluleka komsebenzi wakhe

Ukubaluleka komsebenzi wakhe kusekutheni ufuna ngaphansi kwayo yonke imibono ukuthi abantu abahola kancane babe nempilo ehloniphekile futhi Ukuqhubeka okuqhubekayo. Lapho futhi befinyelela khona ithuba lokuqeqeshwa ngezinzuzo zesikhathi esizayo.

URobert Owen ulondoloza ukuqiniseka okuqinile kokuthi bonke abantu besizwe bangakwazi ukwenza umsebenzi abawuphathisiwe. Ngoba konke abakudingayo yithuba lokubonisa lokho abakwaziyo ukukwenza.

Ugqama ngokuba umhlaziyi oqeqeshiwe ozibophezele kubantu, kumagugu, ukuqeqeshwa kanye nokusebenzisana. Kwabaningi, uRobert Owen akawuqondi umzabalazo ovelele wezigaba zomphakathi lapho onxiwankulu benamandla phezu kwabantu. Futhi kubonisa ngokungaqondi ukuthi ukuguqulwa kwesigaba sabasebenzi yikho okuvumela ubukhomanisi ukuba bufezwe futhi buguquke ngemfundiso enengqondo.

URobert Owen washona ngo-1858, eneminyaka engu-87, ngoNovemba 17 eNgilandi.



Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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