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Ngenkathi kubusa uFranco

Ngenkathi kubusa uFranco

I-Francoism yaseSpain

Phakathi nekhulu lama-1939, iSpain ngaphansi kokuphatha kukaFrancisco Franco kusukela ngo-1975 kuya ku-XNUMX, umbuso owawubizwa ngokuthi 'uFrancoism'. Ngalesi sikhathi, uJenene uFranco wazinikela ekuqiniseni ukulawula kwakhe iSpain nokwenza iSpain isizwe esinodlame nesinamandla.

Cultura

Ngesikhathi sombuso kaFranco, iSpain yabhekana nokuvinjelwa kwamasiko okwakuhlukumeza abaculi, ababhali kanye nabanye abantu abanobuciko. Nakuba ukucwaninga kwakuyisici esibalulekile sokulungiselela kukaFranco, kwakuwukulawula ukuya kwezakhamuzi emisebenzini yokuzijabulisa okwaphoqa ngempela lokho okujwayelekile. Abenzi bamafilimu baseSpain bekumele bathumele amafilimu abo ekuhlolweni ngaphambi kokukhishwa kwawo, okuholele ekuzihloleni okudumile.

Ezombusazwe

U-Franco uphinde wasebenzisa inqubomgomo ehlehlisayo ekhululayo, amaqembu ezombusazwe nezinhlangano ezingavunyelwe, futhi inhlangano eyodwa kuphela yokusebenzisana nombuso kaFranco ebizwa ngokuthi i-Traditional Spanish Falange kanye ne-National Syndicalist Offensive Boards evunyelwe. Amalungu alezi zinhlangano zezombangazwe ezimelene nombuso aboshwa futhi abulawa.

Umnotho

Ezingeni lezomnotho, umbuso kaFranco wehlisa indima yombuso embusweni umnotho, intela encishisiwe kubanikazi bomhlaba futhi yathuthukisa ukukhula ngezokuvakasha kanye nomkhakha wezimboni. Ukunqotshwa kwezimboni ezintsha, izitimela, ingqalasizinda yasemadolobheni kanye nemigwaqo emikhulu, kube negalelo elikhulu emnothweni waseSpain. Umshwalense wokungasebenzi nawo wagcinwa ukuze kudambiswe ezinye zezinkinga zezomnotho eSpain.

Kungase kukuthande:  Lapho UPhilomena Ephela

Ifa

Ukuqala kwempilo kaFranco kanye nenkumbulo kuzohlala kuyimpikiswano futhi kuhlukanisa abantu abaningi baseSpain. Nakuba eGranada izikhumbuzo ezikhona zikaFranco (La Cumbre Alhambra, Club Deportivo Riosellano, Torre del Omemee, njll.) ziqukethwe, ifa elikhulu lezombangazwe, ezomnotho nezamasiko lishiya uphawu olujulile eSpain.

Isifingqo

  • Isiko: EFrance yabeka umkhawulo wamasiko ebuhlakanini babantu, futhi kwakukhona ukucwaninga ngaphambi kokubonisa amafilimu.
  • Ezombusazwe: I-France yavala amaqembu ezombusazwe futhi yavumela inhlangano eyodwa kuphela ukuthi ibuse.
  • Umnotho: I-France yanciphisa indima yombuso kwezomnotho, ngenkathi ithuthukisa ezokuvakasha kanye nomkhakha wezimboni.
  • Ifa: I-France yashiya uphawu oluhlala njalo kumasiko nezombusazwe zaseSpain.

I-Francoism

Imisho Edumile Efingqa Ubushiqela bukaFrancisco Franco

Iminyaka engaphezu kwamashumi amane umbuso kaFrancisco Franco ububusa iSpain futhi wakha umlando wezwe ngamabinzana amaningi akhumbulekayo.

Nazi ezinye zezingcaphuno zakhe ezidume kakhulu:

  • "Ibutho elilodwa, isonto elilodwa, umthombo owodwa wolwazi". Lesi sisho esidumile sashiwo nguFranco phakathi nengxoxo ngo-1938.
  • "Udumo alunamkhawulo ... futhi izwe lakubo linamandla." Kungeminye yemisho eminingi uFranco ayisebenzisayo ukuchaza ukubaluleka kombono wakhe weSpain abefuna ukuyakha.
  • "ISpain ingaphezu nje kwendawo yezwe". Lesi sigwebo sihlanganisa umbono wobuzwe nokuzigqaja uFranco ayenawo ngabantu bakhe namasiko abo.
  • "Kudinga isibindi ukunqoba, kodwa nakakhulu ukugcina ukunqoba." Le nkulumo yayibaluleke kakhulu kuFranco, ngoba yayibonisa ifilosofi yakhe kahulumeni, ngokusho ukuthi ukugcinwa kwe-oda kwakuyisihluthulelo sentuthuko nenqubekela phambili yaseSpain.
  • "Intando yeningi yimigomo emibi kakhulu, ngaphandle kwayo yonke eminye." Lokhu kwakungeminye yemisho eyadala impikiswano enkulu ngesikhathi sombuso kaFranco, njengoba abaningi babekubona njengendlela yokuthethelela ukugunyazwa kombuso.

Le mishwana iwukubonakaliswa kwamagugu nezimiso ezisekela uhulumeni kaFrancisco Franco. Ziphinde ziyisikhumbuzo somlando waseSpain nendlela eyathonywa ngayo ubushiqela.

Ngenkathi kubusa uFranco

UFrancisco Franco wayengomunye wabaholi ababaluleke kakhulu baseSpain. Waqala isikhathi eside sokubusa kobushiqela baseSpain kusukela ngo-1939 kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe ngo-1975. Phakathi neminyaka ecishe ibe ngu-4 yokubusa, uFranco wazuza izinguquko ezinkulu emasikweni nasemnothweni waseSpain. Lezi ezinye zezimpumelelo ezinkulu zikaFranco ngesikhathi ebusa:

Izinguquko Kwezomnotho

  • Ukuvuselelwa kwe- ezolimo: Ezolimo yiwona mkhakha owahlomula kakhulu emnothweni wamaFrancoist. Kwenziwa ukutshalwa kwezimali kwengqalasizinda ukusiza abalimi futhi kwethulwa izindlela ezintsha zokwakha. Lokhu kusize ukwandisa isivuno nokuqinisa umnotho.
  • izikhuthazo ze umkhakha: UFranco waqonda ukuthi ukuze umnotho uthuthuke, kudingeka izikhuthazo ezinkulu embonini. Yavumela inkululeko eyengeziwe yezentengiselwano, yehlisa izintela, futhi yakhuthaza ukukhula kwezimboni ezintsha.
  • Ukuthuthukiswa kwengqalasizinda: UFranco uphinde wamukela ukwenziwa kwesimanje kwengqalasizinda yaseSpain. Kwakhiwa imigwaqo emikhulu, kwalungiswa imigwaqo, kwathuthukiswa nojantshi, kwakhiwa namachweba.

Izinguquko Zomphakathi

  • Ukuqiniswa kobunikazi beSpanishi: UFranco uphinde wasebenzisa ubuholi bakhe ukuqinisa umuzwa kazwelonke weSpanishi. Lokhu kwafezwa ngokubeka inombolo ebalulekile yezimpawu zikazwelonke kanye namaphethini okukhuluma. Inikeze abaseSpain umuzwa wokuhlangana osekukhona nanamuhla.
  • Ukuqedwa kwezikhundla ezeqisayo zezepolitiki: ngesikhathi sikahulumeni kaFranco, imisebenzi ehlobene ne-anarchism kanye ne-communism yayinqatshelwe. Lokhu kwanciphisa ingozi yokunye ukuketulwa kwezempi noma enye impi yombango njengaleyo yangawo-30.
  • Ukwenza ngcono ubudlelwano neBandla lamaKhatholika: UFranco wakha ubuhlobo obuseduze neSonto LamaRoma Katolika. Lokhu kwavumela ubunye obukhulu phakathi kwamaKatolika aseSpain futhi kwawanikeza nethonya elengeziwe ekuphileni kwezombangazwe.

UFrancisco Franco wayengomunye wabaholi ababaluleke kakhulu baseSpain. Phakathi nohulumeni wakhe, wazuza izinguquko ezinkulu emnothweni, emasikweni, nasebudlelwaneni phakathi kweSpain nomhlaba wonke. Uhulumeni kaFranco waba nomthelela omkhulu emlandweni waseSpain ngokombono wezomnotho, wezenhlalo, nezepolitiki.

Kungase kukuthande:  Kunini lapho kungcono ukuthatha ukuhlolwa kwe-antigen?

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kuhambisana nemigomo yethu yezimiso zokuziphatha zokuhlela. Okwamanje sisebenzela ukulungisa nokuthuthukisa okuqukethwe kwethu ngezinye izilimi.

Uma ungumhumushi ogunyaziwe ungasibhalela nokusebenza nathi. (isiJalimane, iSpanishi, isiFulentshi)

Ukuze ubike iphutha lokuhumusha noma ukuthuthukiswa, chofoza lapha.

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