Ọnụ ụzọ ámá

Ọnụ ụzọ ámá nke a makwaara dị ka ọnụ ụzọ nke ọdịda anyanwụ, ọ bụ ihe ncheta kachasị ogologo na United States, nke dị na Saint Louis, Missouri n'akụkụ ọdịda anyanwụ nke Osimiri Mississippi. Ogologo ya dị mita 192, nke a bụ ihe owuwu ihe owuwu nke na-egosi ihe osise nke oghere catenary gbawara agbawa. Ewuru ya dị ka ihe ncheta iji mee ememe na icheta mgbasawanye ọdịda anyanwụ nke obodo a.

Akụkọ ihe mere eme nke Gateway Arch Monument

Na njedebe nke Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ, eziokwu nke kwụsịrị mmepe nke ncheta nke a ga-eme maka nsọpụrụ nke Thomas Jefferson, bụ onyeisi oche nke atọ nke United States. Echiche ahụ bụ ịme asọmpi ihe owuwu ụlọ na ebumnuche nke inweta nhazi kachasị mma iji mepụta ihe ncheta ga-anọchi anya obodo San Luis dị ka ebe ntinye na West.

E hiwere ndị juri a ma ama bụ ndị nwere ọmarịcha ụkpụrụ ụlọ n'oge ahụ. Asọmpi e mere n'etiti 1947-1948 maka nhazi nke Gateway Arch National Park mere ka onye mmeri bụrụ onye America na-ese ụkpụrụ ụlọ nke Finnish, onye aha ya bụ Eero Saarinen, bụ onye rụrụ ụlọ dị iche iche dị mkpa dị ka ọdụ ụgbọ elu Dulles, na General Motors Technical Center, ọdụ ụgbọ mmiri TWA na-ewu ewu na ọtụtụ nnukwu ọrụ ndị ọzọ.

ọnụ ụzọ ámá arch

N'agbanyeghị na ihe fọrọ nke nta ka ọ bụrụ ọrụ ihe owuwu niile a rụrụ n'ala, ọ nweghị otu onye nwụrụ. Emechara ọrụ a n'oge n'ihi arụmọrụ siri ike nke narị narị ndị ọrụ bụ akụkụ nke usoro mmepe nke ọrụ a.

Ọnọdụ

N'afọ 1935, a họọrọ akụkụ ọdịda anyanwụ ochie nke dị na Osimiri Mississippi, n'obodo San Luis, ka ọ bụrụ ebe a ga-ewu ihe ncheta Gateway Arch. E mechara kwatuo. nke dị na saịtị ahụ na ebumnuche nke imepụta ncheta ncheta mba nke Jefferson, nke isi ihe ya ga-abụ nnukwu ọnụ ụzọ ámá ama ama.

Otú ọ dị, ntiwapụ nke Agha Ụwa nke Abụọ mere ka a kwụsị ịrụ ihe ncheta ahụ.  Usoro Ntubi na ihicha ebe a malitere na October 9, 1939, ma dị ka ndị dị otú ahụ, zuru ezu owuwu nke ncheta na-ejedebe na 60s.

Echiche

Mississippi ọnụ ụzọ ámá

Otu n'ime isi ihe mere ndị ikpe na-asọmpi kpebiri na-Ero Saarinen si nnukwu njiko imewe bụ n'ihi na ọ bụ na idebe na akụkọ ihe mere eme Old Courthouse na St. Louis waterfront, nke na-anọdụ n'etiti abụọ isi n'okporo ámá dị nnọọ n'ebe ọdịda anyanwụ nke. ihe mgbaba.

O nwere ike ịmasị gị:  Ozark Plateau na United States (USA)

Dị ka anyị kwurula, nke a bụ ihe ncheta kachasị ogologo nke mmadụ mere na United States na nke abụọ n'ụwa mgbe ụlọ elu Eiffel a ma ama. Gateway Arch, n'ihe gbasara gburugburu obodo San Luis ewerewo echiche nke akwa akwa Eads. Ọ na-egosipụtakwa n'usoro ya ụdị njigide ejiri ígwè tubular mee.

Ihe owuwu ya na-efu nde dollar 13, nke taa ga-abụ ihe dị ka nde dollar iri itoolu. E meghere ọha na eze na June 90 na 10. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, e debere Gateway Arch na ndepụta nke American Institute of Architects (AIA) ọkachamara kwadoro na 1967.

Structure nke ọnụ ụzọ ámá Arch

Ihu ihu nke Gateway Arch bụ nke igwe anaghị agba nchara na ogologo 192m n'etiti ihu dị n'èzí nke ihe ncheta a na elu ya nwekwara elu 192m. Ihe ntọala ahụ nwere ụkwụ nwere ụdị triangular n'ogo ala yana usoro ya dum nwere akụkụ catenary tụgharịrị.

A na-eji ụfọdụ triangles equilateral nke igwe anaghị agba nchara na-ewu ọdịdị nke njiko ahụ, a na-etinye ha n'otu n'otu n'elu nke ọzọ, ruo mgbe ha ruru nha kwesịrị ekwesị iji nwee ike ịbịaru nso n'elu ihe ncheta ahụ.

N'ihi ihe owuwu na triangles, ime ime nke a ga-enwe ike ịnọgide na-enwe oghere, na mgbakwunye na-enyere aka na ịdị arọ nke nhazi ahụ, ọ na-enyekwa usoro tram dị mma nke e guzobere n'ime ime ya.

Wskwụ

Ụkwụ nke ọ bụla nke ihe owuwu a nwere triangle nha nha nke akụkụ ya nwere nha 16.46m n'ogo ala na nke na-ebelata ruo 5.18m n'elu. Ụkwụ ndị a nwere mgbidi okpukpu abụọ nke ígwè, oghere dị n'etiti mgbidi nke ụkwụ ndị a jupụtara na ihe a na-emesi ike, ebe e nwere nchara ígwè na-eme ka ọ dị ike.

Nhazi injinia siri ike na owuwu nke nnukwu ihe owuwu a zoro ezo kpamkpam. A na-ejikọta uwe mwụda nchara ya nke dị n'ime na nke mpụga iji mepụta ihe ncheta siri ike nke na-enye ịdịgide.

Gateway Arch Materials

Eero Saarinen haziri owuwu nke Gateway arch na igwe anaghị agba nchara ebe ọ mechara soro onye injinia Fred Severud kparịta ụka ka ọ chọpụta ihe gbasara puru omume nke nwere ike ịrụ ọrụ a nke ọma site n'echiche nke nhazi nhazi. N'ebe a, ọ dị mkpa ijikọta nkà na ọgụgụ isi nke ihe karịrị otu ọzụzụ iji mepụta nhazi nke oke a.

Akpụkpọ ahụ bụ nke carbon steel na ihe kpuchie ya na akpụkpọ anụ anaghị agba nchara, ihe ndị a na-enye nnukwu nguzogide Gateway Arch. Akpụkpọ anụ dị n'ime nke ihe owuwu a bụ nke A-7 carbon steel, nke nwere 0.38 cm nke ọkpụrụkpụ. Ejiri ngụkọta nke tọn 900 na-egbu maramara n'ụdị panel nke nwere ọkpụrụkpụ nke 0.62 cm wee rụọ elu ya.

O nwere ike ịmasị gị:  Missouri: akụkọ ihe mere eme, ọnọdụ, ihu igwe, nri, obodo, na ndị ọzọ

A rụpụtara mgbidi dị n'èzí na nke ime n'akụkụ dị iche iche na American Moines Steel Company, nke na-arụ ọrụ site na 1892 ruo 2002. ịgbado ọkụ.

E ji ụgbọ mmiri bufee akụkụ ndị a niile nke mgbaba n'obodo San Luis. Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, a na-etinye akụkụ mgbidi ahụ megide ibe ha, bụ nke a ghaghị ijikwa ihe mgbochi ụfọdụ nke igwe anaghị agba nchara welded na ha. Ejiri nlezianya kpalie ndị kwụ ọtọ nke Gateway Arch ka ejiri osisi na ihe neoprene kpuchie ha.

Nguzogide

N'onwe ya, ibu nhazi ahụ nwere nkwado dị mma n'ihi na e jiri ihe mkpuchi kpuchie ya na ihe ndị na-eguzogide ọgwụ. Oghere ọnụ ụzọ ámá nwere ike iguzogide ihe dị iche iche eke dị ka ala ọma jijiji. Emebere ya ka o wee nwee ike ife ruo 23 cm n'akụkụ ọ bụla. Tụkwasị na nke a, ihe owuwu a nwere ike iguzogide ifufe nke ruru 240 km / h ma nwee ibu nke 38 t.

Na nkenke, ọnụ ọgụgụ igwe anaghị agba nchara eji wuo nnukwu mgbaba a bụ ego kachasị ukwuu ejiri n'otu ọrụ n'akụkọ ihe mere eme.

Oghere

Structure nke ọnụ ụzọ ámá Arch

N'ebe a, ọ bụghị nanị na Gateway njiko, kamakwa a center emi odude ke n'okpuruala akụkụ nke Ncheta niile ọbịa. N'okpuru ebe a bụ Museum of Westward Expansion, nke na-egosi akụkọ ihe mere eme nke oghere na West nke mere na 1800.

Ma dị ka a ga-asị na nke ahụ ezughị, e nwekwara ọtụtụ ụlọ ihe nkiri na-egosi ihe nkiri banyere isiokwu nke oghere na banyere owuwu nke Gateway Arch.

Ịbanye na Gateway Arch

Ọbịbịa na ọnụ ụzọ ámá Arch bụ site na ọdụ ụgbọ oloko Hartzog, Jr. Visitor Center, nke dị n'okpuru ebe a. A na-eji ụgbọ oloko ndị njem na-ebuga ndị na-eleta ebe a mara mma site n'ọnụ ụlọ ebe a na-ahụ anya n'ebe a na-ahụ anya dị n'elu arch.

Ụgbọ oloko a nwere ikike kachasị maka mmadụ 40 ma mejupụtara capsules 8 ebe ndị ọbịa 5 nwere ike ibufe na nke ọ bụla n'ime ndị a. Ọ nwekwara ọsọ nke mita 104 kwa elekere na njem ahụ na-ewe ihe dịka nkeji iri.

Ndị ọbịa na saịtị a ga-ebu ụzọ gafee pesto nchekwa tupu ha abanye n'ọnụ ụzọ ámá Arch. A naghị anabata ngwa ọgụ na mma. N'aka nke ọzọ, ọ bụrụ na ị zụtala tiketi tupu ị nwee ike ịbanye, ihe kachasị mma bụ ịbịarute ma ọ dịkarịa ala nkeji 30 tupu oge edozi maka tram gị.

O nwere ike ịmasị gị:  Ozark Plateau na United States (USA)

Ebe ikpo okwu

Ewubere oche nleba anya na nha 19.81 × 2,13m. A na-emechi ya na windo iko na-eguzogide ọgwụ nke na-enye echiche n'akụkụ ọwụwa anyanwụ na ọdịda anyanwụ nke obodo San Luis.

N'ime ya nwekwara igwe mbuli na-arụzi ihe na steepụ nke nwere steepụ 1.076 ruru n'elu oghere ọnụ ụzọ ámá. A na-eji igwe mbuli elu na steepụ ndị a naanị maka ọnọdụ mberede yana ndozi saịtị.

Ego ole ka achọrọ iji gaa na Gateway Arch?

Ọnụahịa nke tram iji nweta ọmarịcha echiche na ebe a dị mma nwere ike ịdị iche n'etiti $ 5 na $ 10, ịhụ ihe nkiri a maara dị ka "Ihe ncheta nke nrọ" ọ na-efu n'etiti $ 4 na $ 7 na ịnụ ụtọ ihe abụọ ahụ, ya bụ, tram. na ihe nkiri a ga-akwụ n'etiti $11 na 14$.

Ihe niile dabere na oge ị ga-aga na Gateway Arch, ekwesịrị ịmara na ọnụ ụzọ ụmụaka na-erubeghị afọ 3 bụ kpamkpam n'efu.

Structure nke ọnụ ụzọ ámá Arch

Ịrịgoro n'elu archa na-abụkarị ndị ọbịa ya na-achọsi ike, iji nweta tiketi ogologo ahịrị ga-abụrịrị ogologo ahịrị na enwere ike ịme ha n'oge ọ bụla n'ụbọchị. Yabụ, yabụ ị gaghị echefu njem gị, ihe kachasị mma ị nwere ike ime bụ ịzụta tiketi n'ịntanetị site na ịrịọ webụsaịtị Gateway Arch, nke bụ www.gatewayarch.com.

Kedu oge ụbọchị kacha mma iji gaa Gateway Arch?

N'ezie, oge ọ bụla dị mma ịga leta ihe ncheta kachasị ogologo na United States. Ma ọ bụrụ na ị na-anwa anwa ịrị elu n'elu arch a n'abalị, ị ga-enwe echiche kacha mma na ọkụ nke obodo.

Ihe kacha mma ị nwere ike ime bụ ịhụ ya n'ime ma ọ bụrụ na ị nwere ike iburu njem ahụ n'elu site na tram. N'oge njem ahụ, ị ​​​​ga-enwe echiche nke otú e si rụọ ya, ị ga-ahụ otú ime ya si arụ ọrụ, ị ga-amakwa ihe nkwado nke ọnụ ụzọ Gateway.

Mgbe ị rutere n'elu, ị ga-ahụ ọmarịcha obodo St. Louis, gụnyere Osimiri Mississippi na ụzọ ụgbọ oloko East a ma ama.

Ebee ka ị ga-ehi ụra mgbe ị na-eleta Gateway Arch?

N'obodo San Luis, Missouri, e nwere ọtụtụ ụlọ oriri na ọṅụṅụ dị nso na Gateway Arch, ebe ndị kacha mma ịnọ bụ ndị a:

  1. Oge anọ St.Louis
  2. Hyatt Regency Saint Louis na Arch
  3. Louis Union ọdụ nkwari akụ, Curio mkpokọta nke Hilton
  4. Hilton St. Louis na Ballpark
  5. Marriott St.Louis Grand Hotel
  6. Hilton St. Louis Ogbe ndịda na Arch
  7. Saint Louis, mkpokọta akwụkwọ akụkọ
  8. Indigo – St. Louis – Ogbe ndịda, otu IHG nkwari akụ
  9. Ọdụ ụgbọ elu RL St Louis
  10. Holiday Inn St Louis Ogbe Ndịda/Convention Center, otu IHG nkwari akụ
  11. Drury Inn & Suites St. Louis Forest Park
  12. Hampton Inn St Louis- na Arch
  13. Courtyard St. Louis Ogbe Ndịda/Convention Center Hotel
  14. Fairfield Inn na Suites nke Marriott St Louis Ogbe Ndịda
  15. Hampton Inn & Suites Hotel – Saint Louis South Interstate 55

Obi abụọ adịghị ya, Gateway Arch bụ otu n'ime ihe nkiri obodo San Luis nke ị na-agaghị echefu. Ọ bụ obere akụkụ nke akụkọ ihe mere eme nke United States maka ịbụ ihe ncheta kachasị ogologo na obodo a.


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu kwekọrọ na ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ omume nchịkọta akụkọ. Anyị na-arụ ọrụ ugbu a iji mezie na melite ọdịnaya anyị n'asụsụ ndị ọzọ.

Ọ bụrụ na ị bụ onye ntụgharị akwụkwọ ikike, ị nwekwara ike degara anyị akwụkwọ ka gị na ya rụọ ọrụ. (German, Spanish, French)

Ka ịkọ akụkọ njehie ma ọ bụ nkwalite ntụgharị asụsụ, pịa ebe a.

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